As discussed earlier, diabetes is associated with a lot of complications. These complications are broadly categorized into two types, 1) acute and, 2) chronic (1). Acute is a sudden syndrome which includes, diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperglycaemic hyperosmolar state, hypoglycaemia, and diabetic coma (1, 2). Chronic conditions are long-developing syndromes which includes, hypertension, nephropathy, retinopathy, dyslipidemia, micro and macrovascular complications, microangiopathy, neuropathy and other complications (1-7) . Combining all of the complications from various literature, a synthesized diagram of clinical complications of diabetes is illustrated in Figure 1.

Figure 1: Types of clinical complications of diabetes (Source: Author’s construct)

Besides clinical complications, there are a lot of things which impact negatively on various aspects of a patient’s life. These are combinedly termed as disease burden which is explained in the next section.

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In the next blog you will know about the disease disease burden of diabetes.


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  7. Islam SMS, Alam DS, Wahiduzzaman M, Niessen LW, Froeschl G, Ferrari U, et al. Clinical characteristics and complications of patients with type 2 diabetes attending an urban hospital in Bangladesh. Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews. 2014;9(1):7-13.