Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases (1). Over the last three decades, globally diabetes is growing at a steady rate (2). The increasing prevalence of this disease is imposing huge disease burdens on individual, social and global level (2,3). This indicates, for a sustainable development, diabetes requires attention.

Objectives

The objectives of this blog series are to define the disease, assess its burden (globally and in Bangladesh), measure its public health significance, identify the broad determinants of the disease, and critically review its management framework.

Rationale

Diabetes is on the rise, everywhere (2) and it has been increasing from 180 million in 1980 to 422 million in 2014 (4). It is a leading cause of blindness (5), kidney failure, heart disease, lower limb amputation and stroke (2). Estimate suggests, by 2040 the number of diabetes patients will increase to 642 million (3). It means,1 in 10 adults will be living with diabetes by 2040. Considering the high prevalence, growth, and disease burden, diabetes is selected for this work.

Next …

In the next blog you will know about what diabetes is.

References

  1. American Diabetes Association. Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Care. 2009;32(Suppl 1):S62-S7.
  2. World Health Organization. Global report on diabetes. World Health Organization; 2016.
  3. International Diabetes Federation. IDF Diabetes Atlas 8th Edition. International Diabetes Federation; 2017.
  4. Mathers CD, Loncar D. Projections of Global Mortality and Burden of Disease from 2002 to 2030. PLOS Medicine. 2006;3(11):e442.
  5. Bourne RR, Stevens GA, White RA, Smith JL, Flaxman SR, Price H, et al. Causes of vision loss worldwide, 1990-2010: a systematic analysis. The Lancet Global health. 2013;1(6):e339-49.